Monday, 15 June 2009

V2: WCF CollectionDataContract and DataMember attributes

Following Jeff's comment on the first version of this post, here are some explanations and a full class.

Q1. Why did I write "implement IEnumerable" twice?
A1. My original intention was to derive my class from ICollection<T>. Thus I had to implement IEnumerable and IEnumerable<T>.

Q2. Why do I bother to implement IEnumerable at all if the class is not "decorated" as IEnumerable?
A2. ICollection<T> "derives" from IEnumerable<T> and IEnumerable, so we have to implement both of them when writing a class that implements ICollection<T>

Here is a complete class:

 [DataContract]
  public class EntityCollectionWorkaround<EntityType> : ICollection<EntityType>
  {
    #region Constructor
    public EntityCollectionWorkaround()
    {
      Entities = new List<EntityType>();
    }
    #endregion

    [DataMember]
    public int AdditionalProperty { get; set; }

    [DataMember]
    public List<EntityType> Entities { get; set; }

    #region ICollection<T> Members

    public void Add(EntityType item)
    {
      Entities.Add(item);
    }

    public void Clear()
    {
      this.Entities.Clear();
    }

    public bool Contains(EntityType item)
    {
      return Entities.Contains(item);
    }

    public void CopyTo(EntityType[] array, int arrayIndex)
    {
      this.Entities.CopyTo(array, arrayIndex);
    }

    public int Count
    {
      get
      {
        return this.Entities.Count;
      }
    }

    public bool IsReadOnly
    {
      get
      {
        return false;
      }
    }

    public bool Remove(EntityType item)
    {
      return this.Entities.Remove(item);
    }

    public EntityType this[int index]
    {
      get
      {
        return this.Entities[index];
      }
      set
      {
        this.Entities[index] = value;
      }
    }
    #endregion

    #region IEnumerable<T> Members

    public IEnumerator<EntityType> GetEnumerator()
    {
      return this.Entities.GetEnumerator();
    }

    #endregion

    #region IEnumerable Members

    System.Collections.IEnumerator System.Collections.IEnumerable.GetEnumerator()
    {
      return this.Entities.GetEnumerator();
    }

    #endregion
  }


* This source code was highlighted with Source Code Highlighter.
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